I. I believe what Austin meant in “knowing their places, places was referred to as their place in their own societies. An adolescent’s identity in his or her own world is very important as it determines who they are in front of other people. There may be jocks, the nerds, the rockers, the punks, the skaters, the geeks, and so on, and knowing where one belongs is very important.As Erikson has discussed, Peer groups are very important, most especially in answering the question “Who am I?” (Erikson, 1959). Every person has a peer group. Although there are some anti social teens today, they still have their own peers that they conform to. Friends who smoke and drink, people whom you look up to who have great careers of their own, and all those who seem cool are only a few examples of those who belong to each person’s peer group.Erikson (1959) believes that psychosocial reciprocity is very important because it is where our identity can be based. He believes that the youth feel that what and how they look in other people’s eyes, most especially with their own peer groups is very important, more than what they really feel inside of them.The test of character versus reputation comes in the picture, as both affect how the youth look at themselves. Sometimes, a person is not really someone others think he or she is, but as there is a desperate want to conform, he or she adopts the different traits and characteristics that his or her reputation says.Most of the time, teens even think more importantly of what others think of them. Such theory is based on Elkind’s work called the Theory of Egocentrism (1967). Yes, this is undeniably happening, especially with today’s generation. There are a lot of cases wherein some teens are actually committing suicide, getting different weight diseases, and other evidences of conforming or failure to conform. Of course, who would want to be the odd one out or become the so-called loser in school?Panoptical time in “knowing their place”, I believe, simply means that there is a certain time frame that should be given to the youth in knowing who they are in this world. It is not done overnight and teens should be given all the time they need in adapting to daily life as they find out what their identities are.II. The first half of my high school life, I belonged to peer groups. My friends were the known but not so popular ones. We were part of a class that wasn’t recognized much as we were known to be boring. However, we felt it wasn’t the case because we had a lot of fun within our own world. We would all go out together, but it was always just us. Yes it sounded boring, but if you belonged in our class, you would be surprised to see how happy we were.And then the second half of my high school days turned differently as some of my friends became friends with the popular kids. I didn’t like this peer group at all because I felt these people were very egocentric and felt that they were the center of our worlds. I wanted a quiet life and so I found other friends who wanted the same thing, and we have been friends ever since.These were my peer groups. And when I come to think of it, I believe they helped a lot in where and who I am now. I still have the same peer groups, the not so popular, but still known people. I still do not like people who think they are the center of everyone’s world. Those who seek too much attention are booted out from my friends’ list. So I can say that peer groups are important, as said by Austin.BibliographyElkind, D. (1967). Theory of Egocentrism.Erikson, E. (1959). Erik Erikson’s Theory of Identity Development.