Diwali is a 5 day festival, celebrated to mark the triumph of good over evil. It is observed each year at some point during mid-October to mid-November in many countries such as India, Singapore, Malaysia, and Nepal, or where there are large Indian communities living such as in Canada, Britain, and New Zealand. Diwali is also known as Deepavali, the “deep” meaning “light” or “lamp”, and “avali” meaning “row” This “row of lights” is represented by lighting lamps everywhere during Diwali. The thirteenth day from Poornima (Full Moon) (Dhanatrayodashi or Dhanteras).
This is the first day of Diwali. “Dhan” means “wealth” and teras means thirteenth day. This is the day for celebrating the goddess Lakshmi, the Goddess of Wealth. For some places in India, the lamps are kept burning for Lord Yamaraj, the God of Death. The fourteenth day (Chhoti Diwali or Narak chaturdashi). Hindus believe that this is the day that Lord Krishna destroyed the demon Narakasur, freeing the world from fear. Firecrackers are often let off from this day. The new moon day (Diwali / Lakshmi puja / Lakshmipujan) of the dark fortnight of Ashvin.
This is the actual day of Diwali, and the most significant day. If the house has not already been cleaned, it must be done early this day to welcome the Goddess Lakshmi. Gifts and sweets are exchanged on this day to strengthen bonds of love between family and friends. Firecrackers are let off after dinner. he first day of the bright fortnight of Kartik (Balipratipada / Padiwa / Goverdhan puja / Varshapratipada). This is the day that Lord Krishna lifted the Govardhan Parvat to protect the Gokul people from Indra’s wrath and King Vikramaditya was crowned.
The fifth and final day of the Diwali Festival (Bhai Dooj / Bhaiya Dooj). On the final day of Diwali, brothers and sisters renew sibling love, with sisters applying the sacred red tilak on the forehead of their brothers and praying for their long life, while brothers bless their sisters and provide gifts of love. Not everyone includes the thirteenth day, and the separate holy festivals of Vasubaras and Bhaubij precede Diwali, and follow the Diwali Festival respectively. Clean the house and business premises thoroughly before the first Diwali day, or the Dhanteras.
Do the laundry, clean all the rooms and sort out your papers in both your home and business. It’s like a spring cleaning of sorts, a “cleansing” ritual to rid yourself of any unnecessary elements in your environment. Make the entrance way to your home or business colourful using the traditional motifs of Rangoli designs. These include bells, flower garlands, wall hangings, mirrors, LED lights, etc. This is a joyful way to welcome the Goddess of Wealth and Prosperity. Rangoli designs can be found across the internet. To help get you started, this section provides some examples to inspire your design.