Scrapbook Assignment

This assignment presents an ethical scrapbook entailing four categories of ethical situations in which each team member expresses their [Check pronoun agreement–if “their” refers to “member” (or a singular subject), it should be singular, too (his or her)] individual opinion. It takes a close look at real-life cases of good Samaritans, acts of vigilantism, acts of civil disobedience, and acts committed by professionals in the course of their employment.This assignment is accompanied by a Power Point [As a trade name, this is capitalized, and it is spelled as one word–PowerPoint] presenting cases that made headline news and generated public controversy impacting [Doctoral rule (although good advice for any academic writer): “impact” is a noun (a hit). It is informally used as a verb (impacting the business), but avoid this in academic writing ] and shaping society. Three cases in each category are selected [The passive voice is a form of “be” (are) and a participle (selected).Over-use of the passive voice can make paragraphs officious and tedious to read. Try to use the active voice most often; for example, passive voice = The paper was completed on time. Active voice = the student completed the paper on time–See Center for Writing Excellence > Tutorials & Guides > Grammar & Writing Guides > Active & passive voice] , assembled in a visually appealing manner, graphically illustrated, and referenced accordingly.The assignment is structured [Passive voice ] in numerous steps in which twelve [Express numbers higher than nine in digits (when not the first word in the sentence)] cases are researched [Passive voice ] and assembled, individually reviewed, compared, and discussed as a team. Furthermore, this team assignment is designated [Passive voice ] to debate and generate discussion among its members who individually and as a team evaluate and express personal opinions on a case- by- case basis.Finally, the assignment concludes by summarizing individual’s and team’s responses to each one [Wordiness: simplify by removing “one”] of the five steps involved. First, our [Use “we,” “us,” or “our” to mean yourself and coauthors, not general humanity (or yourself and the reader)] team member Candace McDade presents a selection of three Good Samaritan cases which [Use “that” for a restrictive phrase (or place a comma before “which”)] depict selfless acts of compassionate interventions in which a life has been saved.Her contribution to the team brings forth [Check spelling–“forth” means “forward in time” or “out into notice”; “fourth” is the ordinal number corresponding to “four”] cases such as “John McDonald Saves Girl from Burning Vehicle” (Case #1), “Angela Pierce Assists Ohio Officer Under Attack” (case#2), and ”Victor Perez Saves Abducted Girl”(case [Leave a space after the quotation mark] #3).Overall [Wordiness: unless meaning denim work clothes, “overall” is general and vague and contributes little to the sentence] in the Good Samaritan Acts, I feel [Avoid use of the first person (I, me, my) in academic writing unless writing about a personal experience. Check first person use with your instructor. ] as if John McDonald and Victor Perez made good decisions in their choices. I could consider myself making similar decision under those same circumstances.In the case “Angela Pierce Assists Ohio Officer Under Attack”, [A period or comma goes inside the closing quotation mark] I believe her decision was commendable: however, [Place semicolon instead of a comma before this conjunctive adverb if it begins a new clause (and if a semicolon follows it, replace it with a comma)] I would not consider acting similarly, nor recommend that anyone take the same course of action.According to my observations, most team members share similar opinions on rather or not the individuals in the situations presented took the right course of action. Some examples generated slight disagreement regarding individual opinion on whether or not we believe that we would have chosen to do the same thing these individuals had done.In particular, the case of civil disobedience “Student Sit-Ins Counters Segregation” when debating whether we believe that we would react the same way as the students in this case scenario everyone agreed that they would: however, [Place semicolon instead of a comma before this conjunctive adverb if it begins a new clause (and if a semicolon follows it, replace it with a comma)] I disagreed because I didn’t [Contractions are inappropriate in academic writing–write it out] think that I would be able to handle the abuse. A sentence as long as this (50 or more words) can be confusing because it can have logic twists, recursions, or long lists. Cut it into shorter sentences, each with a single idea. Shorter sentences are easier to comprehend] Yet [In academic writing, avoid starting a sentence with a conjunction ] another case generating disagreement was in the category of professional ethical misconduct “Doctor Supplies Drugs to NFL Players”. A period or comma goes inside the closing quotation mark] When debating if we would respond to the situation the same as the people did in this case scenario, everyone but [Check punctuation: insert a comma before this word if this is the last in a list of more than two — or if it begins a new clause] Stephanie. Regarding whether we think it should or should not be mandatory for anyone to be a good Samaritan, I stated that being [Doctoral rule (but good advice for any academic writer)–If not a noun (as in “human being”), the word “Being” is hard to imagine; it means “existing. Try to rewrite this without using “being”–with action words like “attending,” “working,” “living,” “experiencing,” simply “as”–or even removing “being” completely] a Good Samaritan is the instinct of an individual and [A run-on sentence requires a comma before “and” (or other conjunction) linking main clauses] they should not be forced [Passive voice ] to risk their [his or her] lives to save another individuals, especially if they [Check pronoun agreement–if “they” refers to “an individual” (or a singular subject), it should be singular, too (he or she) and perhaps require adjusting the following verb] do not feel confident doing so.Regarding vigilantism whether it should or should not be permitted [Passive voice ] , I believe that if the criminal justice system fails to deliver justice, then, something has to be done in order for us to be guarded and protected against danger. The circumstances in which I might [Check word usage: Use “might” to indicate an uncertain possibility. Use “may” for a possibility almost a sure thing] violate the law to enforce the law would be if I witnessed a kidnaping in progress, and I thought that I could chase and catch the kidnapper by driving over the speed limit to rescue the victim. It is [“It is” is an awkward phrase if “it” is not clearly a thing] my opinion, that [Remove comma before “that” preceding a restrictive phrase (otherwise replace “that” with “which”)] civil disobedience has been effective in changing the law.If certain acts of civil disobedience didn’t [Contractions are inappropriate in academic writing–write it out] happen, than [Remove comma before “than” ] , the laws against segregation would not have been changed [Passive voice ] . The laws that I disagree with and would consider violating to promote positive change, is running the red light if I felt [Clearer writing suggestion: if “felt” is used in the sense of “to believe or think,” it is a cliche and vague; use “believed” or “thought”] that it is unsafe to wait until the light turns green. It is also my opinion that the American society as a whole [Clearer writing suggestion: “as a whole” adds very little to the sentence–remove it] is predisposed [Passive voice ] to unethical behavior.There are [“There are” is an awkward phrase if “there” is not clearly a location] certain things [Vague–“things” or “stuff” are wording gimmicks to avoid further description] we want to do that are [Writing suggestion: rewrite the sentence to remove “that are”] not moral or even legal, but when we want something bad enough we will find a way to fulfill our wishes. To reduce ethical violations among professionals we can break the silence barrier by not withholding information, and start reporting unethical acts. This will deter unethical behavior in the professional fields. Second, another team member, Simone Smith presents three acts of vigilantism: “Libya’s Political Protests”, [A period or comma goes inside the closing quotation mark] (case#4), “Rape and Revenge” (case #5), and “Violent Attacks on HealthCare Clinics” (case #6).Acts of vigilantism can be described [Passive voice ] as the violent action individuals will take to express their views if they are not accepting of an issue. They will protest or cause bodily harm or death to an individual. For instance, the war in Libya where the people want to oust their President [This is not capitalized unless part of a proper name (President John Doe) or to mean the President of the United States] because they no longer want him to rule over their country, they went to the streets protesting. Their protests became deadly and many innocent people were killed [Passive voice ] . The situation escalated to the point where many other countries are involved [Passive voice ] , trying to assist Libyans in removing their President.Many victims of crimes such as in the cases of rape and revenge , [Avoid leaving a space before a comma] take matters in their own hands attacking the person responsible for committing the crime against them [Check pronoun agreement–if “them” refers to “person” (or a singular subject), it should be singular, too (him or her)] . Sometimes the criminal justice system releases the suspect of a crime or issues a lighter sentence. The victims feel [Writing suggestion: if “feel” is used in the sense of “to believe or think,” it is a cliche and vague; use “believe” or “think”] that justice has not been served, and they revenge vigilantly by inflicting as much pain on the suspect as they received during the crime. Often revenge takes the form of lethal acts or at the minimum involves serious harm.The third case” Violent Attacks on HealthCare Clinics” involves protests against the operations of abortion clinics. Protestors burn down many of these facilities and injured the workers. The chart provided for this example identifies statistics of the crimes from years 2000 to 2009. These individuals showed how much they were against the clinics being built [Passive voice ] , and how [Unless this is the last of a series, remove the comma–the following is not an independent clause] [These words appear to lead to a dependent clause–if so, remove the comma (unless, of course, this is the last element in a series)] the practices of these facilities violated their religion believes.Vigilantes decided to use violence to get [Doctoral rule (although good advice for any academic writer)–instead of using “get,” which can mean many things, more formal is to use forms of “receive,” “obtain,” “arrive at,” “can,” “could,” “grow,” “able to,” etc. ] their point across, to promote change in laws that may accommodate their religious beliefs. All the team members were in agreement with all three examples. We similarly discussed how we would handle the situation under similar circumstances. It was unanimously agreed that such acts could be avoided, and violence should not be the answer. Using violence as a solution could get many people hurt or killed as we see depicted in the examples. I believe a Good Samaritan law is not needed to have individuals assist each other because the person will naturally do it if they [he or she] situation allows them [him or her] to. Avoid using “at” or “to” at the end of sentence; this is informal grammar] Vigilantism should not be used [Passive voice ] when the criminal justice system fails because the use of violence will not help to solve problems but make matters worse. Civil disobedience is effective in changing the law. It contributed to the ban of segregation, at first in restaurants, schools, and other public facilities, and ultimately transformed in a non-discriminatory society upholding civil rights. Third, Stephanie Bush focused our attention on acts of civil disobedience: “Rosa Parks Violates the Law” (case #7), Student Sit-Ins Counters Segregation” (case #8), and “The Rodney King Beating” (case#9). In these examples of civil disobedience, the people refused to obey the law or follow a policy believed to be unjust.These people were practitioners of civil disobedience basing their actions on moral right, and mostly employing the non-violent technique of passive resistance in order to [Writing suggestion–the meaning will be the same (and less wordy) by removing “in order”] bring wider attention to the injustice. Risking punishment, such as violent retaliatory acts or imprisonment, they attempted to bring about changes in the law. In the example of “Rosa Parks Violates the Law”, [A period or comma goes inside the closing quotation mark] she stood up for what she believed and was arrested for those acts. Her arrest sparked a 381-day boycott of the Montgomery bus system.It also led to a 1956 Supreme Court decision banning segregation on public transportation. In the example of the student “Student Sit-Ins Counters Segregation” the students demonstrated courage for what they believed to be morally wrong. The students endured verbal and physical abuse and followed the teachings of Martin Luther King Jr. to not hit [Negative wording is often difficult to understand, particularly a negative split infinitive. Instead of “to not hit,” try “not to hit” or variations of “to avoid hiting,” “to keep from hiting,” “to disallow hiting,” “to forbid hiting,” “to fail to hit,” etc. –beware: these are computer-generated suggestions and could contain misspellings] or fight back.In the example of “The Rodney King Beating” where four LAPD officers tasered, tackled, [no comma if the following is not a complete clause or an element in a series] and beat him with batons, civil disobedience took a violent turn because the officers were not punished, but instead were able to [Wordiness: this phrase can be simplified to one word–“could”] wear their uniforms. The riots immediately following the this incident are examples of justified exploitations of civil disobedience because the African -American community was outraged [Passive voice ] with the fact that [Wordiness–“the fact that” can often be reduced to simply “that”] four policemen who attacked and killed a man of the black race were acquitted of all charges and allowed to suit back up into their [his or her] uniforms. Sentence too long] All of these examples show what people would endure for what they really [Writing suggestion–“real” or “really” means “existing in actuality”–it adds little to the meaning (and using it to mean “big,” “very,” or “genuine” is slang); replace it with a more expressive word] believe in and what they would stand up for to have justice. If civil disobedience did not exist people would not have a voice in the world, and we would have to abide by unjust laws. We use civil disobedience today which [Use “that” for a restrictive phrase (or place a comma before “which”)] has been used in such events as street demonstrations, marches, the occupying of buildings, strikes, and other forms of economic resistance.Civil disobedience is a much needed movement that should be used [Passive voice ] to respectfully change [Doctoral rule (but good advice for any academic writer)–avoid a split infinitive; consider placing the adverb (respectfully) before or after the infinitive (to change )–try “respectfully to change ” or “to change respectfully” (or place “respectfully” later in the sentence)] a law or happening that is [Wordiness: see if you can remove “that” or “that is”] not morally right. People have the right to voice their opinions, and act in a civil manner if there is something that they strongly disagree with. Martin Luther King Jr. ’s civil disobedience teachings have hanged the world in many different [Redundancy: if you have “many,” surely they are “different. ” Remove “different”] ways and have paved the way for the civil rights movement. If there are laws that are [Writing suggestion: rewrite the sentence to remove “that are”] unethical people need to take a stand to change them so that everyone is treated [Passive voice ] in an ethical manner. Finally, Joshua Guest presented a last category of cases depicting criminal acts committed by professionals in their line of employment. Three final cases are evaluated [Passive voice ] : “Illinois Governor Accepts Bribe” (case # 10), “Illinois Governor Lies to Feds. (case [Leave a space after the quotation mark] #11), and “Doctor Supplies Drugs to NFL Players” (case #12). I researched three criminal acts committed by professionals in the course of their employment other than criminal justice professionals in which the defendant was believed [Passive voice ] to have violated the ethical standards of his or her profession. The first example “Illinois Governor Accepts Bribe” was an ethical violation that was committed [Passive voice ] by former Illinois governor George Ryan. He granted driving licenses to unqualified truck drivers in exchanged for a bribe. These actions were not tolerated, especially in politics.These kinds of actions create and add stereotypes to people who are [Writing suggestion: rewrite the sentence to remove “who are”] involved [Passive voice ] in politics. I could not see myself engaging into these actions. I know the consequences of these sorts of ethical violations, and this would be enough to convince me not to take part in them. Apparently, George Ryan did not think that he would get caught doing these things. I think the fact that [Wordiness–“the fact that” can often be reduced to simply “that”] he was caught can be an excellent scare tactic to use for any politician who plans on performing ethical violations. George Ryan’s jail sentencing was a big statement that was made [Passive voice ] for those who plan on committing unethical acts.They will eventually get caught, and I personally do not feel sorry for him. The second case “Illinois Governor Lied to Feds” involves former Illinois Governor, Rod Blagojevich who [Check punctuation: If the following phrase is nonrestrictive (the sentence would still make sense without it) insert comma before “who”] was impeached [Passive voice ] for allegedly trying to sell former Senator Barack Obama’s vacant seat. He was convicted [Passive voice ] on lying to government officials and will be receiving a jail sentence. I cannot see myself being involved [Passive voice ] in these actions. I believe he deserves to go to prison for his unethical actions.He used his job as an Illinois Governor for his own personal gain and that is [Wordiness: see if you can remove “that” or “that is”] contrary to his oath of office. The last example” Doctor Supplies Drugs to NFL Players” involves a doctor who sold illegal drugs to professional athletes to boost their [his or her] performance. This was an ethical violation on both parts because the athletes who used the drugs know that they are illegal and they chose to use them anyway. Also, [Remove comma (unless introducing a nonrestrictive phrase)] the doctor knew that he should not have supplied them [him or her] with the drugs and [A run-on sentence requires a comma before “and” (or other conjunction) linking main clauses] he did so as well. Writing suggestion: remove “as well”; you already wrote “and”] This course of action should never be tolerated. The doctor deserves to serve time behind bars. I could not see myself doing the same thing that the doctor and athletes have done. I consider such acts unethical. In conclusion, after a close look at the twelve [Express numbers higher than nine in digits (when not the first word in the sentence)] cases evaluated we summarized the agreements and disagreements generated among the team members, as well as [No comma before “as well as” (which means “in addition to” and is not a conjunction the equivalent of “and”)] considered what the disagreements reflect in terms of a personal value system.When we compared individual responses to pertinent questions for the cases evaluated, our team unanimously agreed, as well as [No comma before “as well as”] disagreed on all topics subject to evaluation. Minor exceptions of slight differences of opinion were evident in the case of “Student Sit-Ins Counters Segregation” in which Candace, unlike the rest of the team, stated that she would not act similarly under the same circumstances presented by the case because the potential of physical abuse would be hard for her to handle. [Sentence too long] Similarly, Candace opinion respectfully varied from the that of the team’s upholding the use of vigilantism as a solution to cases in which the criminal justice systems fails to deliver justice. In the