Wilbur and Orvil Wright

Wilbur and Orville Wright were the sons of Milton Wright, a bishop of the United Brethren in Christ. Wilbur was born on April 16, 1867, in Millville, Indiana. Orville was born on August 19, 1871, in Dayton, Ohio. Both brothers attended high school, but did not receive diplomas. Wilbur and Orville were the only members of the Wright family who did not attend college or marry. Wilbur’s plans to enter college came to an end when he was injured in a hockey accident Brothers Orville and Wilbur Wright built and flew the first airplane in human history. The brothers were engineers who founded the Wright Cycle Comany in Dayton, Ohio in 1892.While the bicycle business sustained them, they began to experiment with kites, gliders and other flying machines, always with an eye to creating a powered machine that could carry a man aloft. Their first successful flight, with Orville at the controls, took place at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina on 17 December 1903. The plane covered 120 feet in about 12 seconds They first tackled the problem of controlling the machine in all three axes of movement (up and down, side to side, forward and backward) without resorting to the pilot twisting or shifting his body weight.Afterobserving buzzards control their flight by twisting their wing tips, they settled on wing warping as the best method of maintaining balance. To test their theories, the Wrights traveled to Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, an ideal site for wind and terrain. Following experiments with a biplane kite,they built several gliders, each more sophisticated than its predecessor. During the process they discovered errors in the mathematical tables that Lilienthal had created to explain lift.To achieve the correct calculations, theybuilt their own wind tunnel with a homemade pressure-testing device to check the amount of lift in various wing configurations. They also worked on propellers for the craft. The Wrights returned to Kitty Hawk in September 1903, ready to try their powered machine. Storms, engine problems, and the need to devise a takeoff system slowed progress. Then, on December 14, 1903, the brothers were ready and Wilbur, who had won a coin toss, took the first ride. Unaccustomed to the engine’s power, he rose too steeply, stalled, and then plowed into the sand, slightly damaging the craft.On December 17, Orville took his turn. He rose into the air, climbing to about 10 feet , and landed 12 seconds later, some 120feet beyond the takeoff point. The Wrights flew three more times thatday, with Wilbur covering 852 feet in a 59-second flight. In the next two years, the brothers built improved models of their aircraft and, by 1905, they were staying aloft for as long as 38 minutes and covering a distance of 24 miles. In 1908, they sold the first military airplane to the U. S. Department of War Wilbur Wright was the first of the two to die. He got ill with Typhoid fever in 1912.He died on May 30, 1912 of this fever. He was only 45 years of age. On the other hand. Orville died of a heart attack. It was in the year 1948, when he had his second heart attack. They are both buried in Woodland Cemetery, Dayton, Ohio. On October 7, 1908, Edith Berg, the wife of the brothers’ European business agent, became the first American woman airplane passenger when she flew with Wilbur—-one of many passengers who rode with him that autumn Wilbur Wright, along with his brother Orville, launched into both history books and legend with the first ever manned powered flight. Sadly does amazing inventors never got married