Women in the United States of America play different roles from the beginning of the World War II up to the end of the Cold War. It changed as time changed and as the people accept the vital roles the American women played in the development of the American community. During this course of time, American women fight against the enemies of the country and fight for the equality and their right of self-development. Alongside this development, the government of the United States and Soviet Union were challenged to provide the ideas in the construction of the new Germany after WW II. To present and honour the American women, this essay will discuss some of their battles starting from the pre-cold war to the present. In addition, this essay will also provide information about the lives of the American during the cold war. .The Cold War never involved any real battles between the US and the Soviet Union. However, it was a long, tension-filled power struggle between these two powerful countries. It was a fight between communism by the Soviets and capitalism of the US. The ideals of these two different government systems matched each others growth.Soviet Union and the United States were Allies during World War II. When the two countries did not agree with the reformation of the Germany, the result was the division of Germany into East (Communist) and West (Capitalist). This marked the separation and battle for supremacy of US and Soviet Union.Communism gave the Soviet its power and control of Eastern Europe and occupied some nations in East Asia. This communism was feared by many people because of its atheistic nature. Many people saw that it became an instrument that attacks the freedom of religion. Thus, this fear impelled investigations to those who were suspected following the ideology of communism. On the other hand, capitalism in the US from the beginning of the post-war period until the 70’s was described as “state capitalism” by Marxism thinkers. In addition, many of the countries that follow the capitalist government have developed their economic growth.In the course of this battle of supremacy between the soviet and the US, many changes happened in the society of the United States. Among these changes are the role played by many American women in the development of the country. The opportunity given to them during the WW II continued to prosper. The publication of the book “Feminine Mystique” by Betty Friedan was considered a key factor in the revival of the women’s movement. In this book, Friedan argued that women should see themselves as individuals, not simply housewives and mothers. She articulately proved that the problem was not women being educated but the narrow definition of women’s role in the society. Here, Friedan showed critical comparative analysis of the fiction articles published in the magazines between the 1930-50’s and countered the conservative ideologies about women through marketing and economic strategies. The emergence of this book gave American women courage to stand and fight for their individual development.Aside from the battle the American women fought for their individual development, they have struggled to solve problems in their own home. One of these was the “containment at home” policy where housewives should maintain the food at their home rather than working outside. The containment policy of the US during the cold war was also referring to the foreign policy used by the government to stop the insurgence of many nations to become communist-based country rather than capitalist country.Moreover, American women have struggle in their homes. They were confused to what really their responsibilities are in the society. Many campaign of getting American women back to their own home instead of working and mingling with the works of men appeared in televisions. This campaign cannot be considered as a success in the sense that it had only made some women stayed in their home. They were continuously pursued their free will of adapting to the development of the society.At the end, American women are to be respected and admire for they fought for their existence as an important part of the American society. They must be value for the efforts they have shared to raise their family without throwing their right to grow as an individual.