World History Questions

During the middle ages, the Catholic Church was the only church in Europe. It had its own laws and coffers. Church officials during that time such as bishops and archbishops would sit on the king’s council, playing the leading roles in government (“Religion”, n.d.). The church was the spiritual leader during the middle ages. It was the only universal institution in Europe. During that time, the continent encountered a lot of conflicts. The positive appeal of the church through the teachings of Christ has inspired the people of Europe to follow His example, immediately raising the power and influence of the church (“The Church” n.d.).What were the characteristics of the Mayan, Aztec, and Incan civilizations of Mesoamerica?The Meso-American region is considered as the culture area in the Americas. Prehistoric groups that resided in this area are characterized by villages of agriculture and religious-political lifestyles. Mesoamerican civilizations had a common currency which started with seashells. Eventually, cacao became the standard currency in diverse commercial transactions. Later on, gold became a valuable object in trade among the people. These people also have their own system of writing which are referred to as Hieroglyphic scripts. Civilizations in the Mesoamerican landscape also have devised their own arithmetic. Mesoamericans see the world as separated by a day, which is ruled by the sun, and the night, where in the sun, goes to the underworld, only to live again on the next day (“Mesoamerica”, n.d.).How did Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism influence Chinese culture?Confucianism stated out as the basis of moral order in China since 200 BC. It consisted of rules and ethical precepts to be followed by the Chinese people. It views the individual as a social creature who is obliged to relationships. This moral doctrine has provided rules for lot actions in the lives of Chinese people, and thus influencing their culture (“Confucianism”, n.d.). Taoism and Buddhism on the other hand are religions, unlike Confucianism. These two were two opposing religions but eventually they adapted the traditions of each other. They have defined religious schemes such as nuns, priests, temples, and other rituals. Eventually, it became hard to distinguish one from the other (Giles, n.d.).What was the influence/legacy of Justinian on Byzantine Empire? What were his accomplishments in regards to law, religion, architecture, and culture?Justinian was one of the emperors of the Byzantine Empire. His period was during the time Rome extended its territories in Western Europe which was lost due to the invasion from the northern countries. Justinian influenced the empire because of his need to change the empire’s law system. The new code he created was called the Justinian Code. This code was a great influence on the law systems of Europe even until the modern age. It also had influences on the development of the Muslim law, which is called Sharia. Justinian is also known for putting up magnificent building projects in Constantinople, including his two famous churches, the Hagia and the SS. Serguis and Bacchus (“Justinian 1”, n.d.).